Whether you are at home, in the workplace or walking down the street an emergency may strike at any time which may require a quick and potentially life-saving response. While many companies provide first aid training to their employees, far too many people are unaware of how to respond to an emergency situation. Being aware of what to do in an emergency and how to administer first aid response, will increase the chances of recovery or even survival of an individual, while you wait for trained professionals to arrive to provide medical assistance.
Being aware of how to correctly perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can help save the life of someone suffering from respiratory problems or cardiac arrest. There are many reasons why someone is unable to breathe, including having a blockage of the throat, poisoning, cardiac arrest, drowning, etc. Being able to assess the situation and respond accordingly will mean that the victim continues to have oxygen circulating to their brain and therefore have a higher rate of survivability and recovery.
The following steps are for adults who require CPR. You need to be aware that CPR should be performed differently on babies and children, as well as adults who are the same size as children.
DANGER: Ensure that you look at the surroundings of the victim to verify that you or those around you are in no immediate danger
RESPONSE: Check that the individual is responsive. Speak with them, let them know who you are and ask them simple questions such as what their name is what city they live in and see if they respond. See if they respond to your touch, this might include gently but firmly shaking their shoulders.
AIRWAYS: Check the person’s mouth and nose for any obvious obstructions which might have led to them being unable to breathe. Remove this if possible.
BREATHING: Check that the individual is breathing by placing your face close to theirs and waiting for their breath and seeing if their chest is rising. Do this for UP TO TEN SECONDS and then call the emergency services. If you are sure that they are breathing regularly then put them into the recovery position and wait for medical attention to arrive.
START CPR: If the individual is not breathing, then start performing CPR. Interlock both hands and place them in the center of the person’s chest, and press down with a depth of one-third of the chest depth. You should aim to perform around two compressions per second until you have delivered thirty compressions.
RESCUE BREATHS: After the thirty compressions have been delivered, deliver two rescue breaths to the individual before commencing the compressions once again. Place one hand on the forehead and with your other hand tilt the chin backwards and pinch their nose. Create a seal with your mouth and their mouth and blow into their mouth for about one second, two times.
DEFIBRILLATE: If you have access to a defibrillator, which you can find here at Foremost AED Equipment, then make use of this by following the steps that will be clearly labeled on this equipment.
Continue performing CPR until help arrives, the victim recovers, or until you are unable to do so.
Taking a class on how to perform CPR effectively will give you a working knowledge of how to perform this life-saving process.